U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate Boron Carbide B4C, Boron Carbide B4C Overview, Boron Carbide B4C Application, Boron Carbide B4C Suppliers, Boron Carbide B4C Price.
Overview of boron carbide B4C powder
Boron carbide, also known as black diamond, is an inorganic substance with the chemical formula B₄C, usually a gray-black micropowder. It is one of the three hardest known materials (after diamond and cubic boron nitride) and is used in tank armor, body armor and many industrial applications. It has a Mohs hardness of about 9.5.
Preparation of boron carbide B4C powder
Boron carbide was first reported in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, which was obtained by the reaction of coke and boron oxide in an electric furnace. This preparation method is also the method used in current industrial production.
Application of boron carbide B4C powder
control nuclear fission
Boron carbide can absorb a large number of neutrons without forming any radioactive isotopes. It is an ideal neutron absorber in nuclear power plants. Neutron absorbers mainly control the rate of nuclear fission. Boron carbide is mainly used in nuclear reactors as controllable rods, but is sometimes powdered due to increased surface area.
During the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986, Russia dropped nearly 2,000 tons of boron carbide and sand, which ultimately stopped a chain reaction within the reactor.
Because boron carbide has long been used as a rough grinding material. Due to its high melting point, it is not easy to cast into artificial products, but it can be processed into simple shapes by melting powder at high temperature. For grinding, grinding, drilling and polishing of hard materials such as carbide and gemstones.
Boron carbide can also be used as ceramic coatings for warships and helicopters. It is lightweight and has the ability to resist penetration of armor-piercing projectiles through thermocompression coatings, forming a complete defensive layer.
In the arms industry, it can be used to make gun barrels. Boron carbide, extremely hard and wear-resistant, does not react with acid and alkali, high and low temperature resistance, high pressure resistance, density ≥2.46g/cm3; microhardness ≥3500kgf/mm2, flexural strength ≥400MPa, melting point 2450℃.
Since boron carbide nozzles have the above-mentioned characteristics of wear resistance and high hardness, boron carbide sandblasting nozzles will gradually replace known cemented carbide/tungsten steel and silicon carbide, silicon nitride, alumina, zirconia and other sandblasting nozzles.
Boron carbide is also used in the manufacture of metal borides, smelting sodium boron, boron alloys and special welding.
Boron carbide B4C powder price
The price of boron carbide B4C powder will vary randomly due to factors such as production costs, transportation costs, international conditions, exchange rates, and market supply and demand of boron carbide B4C powder. Tanki New Materials Co.,Ltd.aims to help industries and chemical wholesalers find high-quality, low-cost nanomaterials and chemicals by providing a full range of customized services. If you are looking for boron carbide B4C powder, please feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest price of boron carbide B4C powder.
Boron Carbide B4C Powder Suppliers
As a global supplier of boron carbide B4C powders, Tanki New Materials Co.,Ltd. has extensive experience in the performance, application and cost-effective manufacturing of advanced and engineered materials. The company has successfully developed a series of powder materials (titanium diboride, silicon hexaboride, molybdenum boride, iron boride), high-purity targets, functional ceramics and structural devices, and provides OEM services.
|Boron Carbide Properties|
|Other Names||B4C, B4C powder, black diamond, boron carbide powder,|
|boron-carbon refractory ceramic|
|Appearance||Gray to Black Powder|
|Melting Point||2763 °C|
|Boiling Point||3500 °C|
|Solubility in H2O||Insoluble|
|Electrical Resistivity||0 to 11 10x Ω-m|
|Tensile Strength||350 MPa (Ultimate)|
|Thermal Conductivity||31 to 90 W/m-K|
|Thermal Expansion||4.5 to 5.6 µm/m-K|
|Vickers Hardness||26 Mpa|
|Young's Modulus||240 to 460 Gpa|
|Boron Carbide Health & Safety Information|
Because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, there is a shortage of natural gas supply. At the same time, other renewable energy sources cannot produce enough electricity, so electricity prices have soared in many countries of the world. For this reason, I assume the supply and prices of the Boron Carbide B4C, Boron Carbide B4C Overview, Boron Carbide B4C Application, Boron Carbide B4C Suppliers, Boron Carbide B4C Price would keep being influenced by the high energy prices.
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