The roble had hit a record low after the West imposed sweeping sanctions on Russia for its aggression in Ukraine. Russia's president recently ordered exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries to be settled in robles. The speaker of Russia's upper house of parliament said Moscow was prepared and could shift supplies to markets such as Asia if Europe refused to buy Russian energy.
European countries, which pay mostly in euros, say Russia has no right to reset contracts. The G7 rejected Russia's demand and urged companies not to agree to pay in robles, saying most contracts stipulated payment in euros or dollars. Wholesale gas prices in Europe have risen further recently on concerns about potential supply disruptions.
The Kremlin spokesman said, "According to the March 31 deadline set by Russia's president, we are developing all payment methods to get a simple, understandable, and feasible system for relevant European and international buyers,"
The markets and prices of more commodities like the low alkali cement would be affected because of the volatile international political situations.
There are many types of cement, such as low alkali cement, ordinary cement and so on. Do you know the difference between low alkali cement and ordinary cement? What are the precautions for the use of cement?
The difference between low alkali cement and ordinary cement
1. The properties are different. The raw materials of low-alkali cement contain a large amount of blast furnace slag, while the raw materials of ordinary cement are mainly limestone and clay.
2. The characteristics and functions are different. Low-alkali cement is suitable for use in particular areas because the alkalinity is relatively low, while ordinary cement has a broader range of use and higher alkalinity.
Precautions for the use of cement
1. Do not expose to the sun for quick drying
After the construction is completed, attention must be paid to the maintenance of the glue to avoid the evaporation of water too fast, resulting in too fast drying and reducing the strength. The general maintenance time is about seven days.
2. Avoid freezing at a negative temperature
After the concrete is mixed, it cannot be frozen because the temperature is too low. So be sure to choose a suitable temperature environment for construction.
3. Avoid high temperature and heat
If the construction temperature is too high, the calcium hydride in the concrete is easily decomposed, which will lead to the problem of reducing the strength of the concrete. If it needs to be constructed in a high-temperature environment for some special reasons, it is best to add some heat-resistant materials to the concrete, which can increase the strength of the concrete.
4, avoid the base layer from being dirty and soft
Be sure to treat the base layer firmly before construction so that the cement and the foundation will be firmly bonded together during construction. If the construction is on a smooth base surface, the base surface must be brushed so that the cement and the base surface can bond more firmly. In addition, when mixing concrete, be sure to mix evenly so that the concrete setting effect will be better during construction.
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